For many individuals, finding the perfect diamond cut for your beloved has resulted in quite a worrisome experience. Rest assured, you don’t have to be an experienced gemologist to pick out the perfect gem for the perfect person in your life. All you need to know is the proper basics of diamond hunting and most experts rely on the Four Cs of Diamonds method. This brilliant system covers all of the bases: carat weight, cut, color and clarity. We’ll break down each of the Four Cs of Diamonds and pinpoint exactly what you’d want to look out for before you purchase your precious gem.

The Diamond’s Brilliant Cut

The cut and the diamond’s overall symmetry could drastically influence how your diamond will brilliantly shine. Every professional diamond cutter goes through a strenuous process of planning, marking, sawing, bruting and polishing before finishing the piece with one last inspection. The original rough shape and overall flaws of the uncut diamond actually determine what type of cut it will eventually become, all while the making sure it retains its utmost value. The most sought-after cuts that have an exceptional amount of shine include the round brilliant, the Passion Cut and the Princess Cut. These cuts are specifically designed with many unique facets to allow for more light return.

The Color Variety

Diamonds that are absolutely transparent with zero traces of color are chemically pure and properly structured. These perfect gems have been traditionally considered to adorn all types of jewelry for many centuries, but lately, we’ve been seeing unique hues of blue, yellow and precious pink stones constantly trending over the past few years. The color simply derives from chemical impurities and defective structures in the stone’s crystal lattice. Blue and vivid pink hues are highly valuable and soft yellow is usually lower in price with many jewelers.

The Perfect Clarity

Clarity in the world of diamonds is simply the overall quality of its appearance and inner characteristics. These interior characteristics are commonly called inclusions and blemishes. A foreign trace of gases or solids that get trapped inside during the diamond’s formation can affect its clarity and reduce its value. The tiniest surface crack can cause it to appear cloudy or milky as well. This all can cause your gem to lose its ability to achieve proper light return and thus make it look dull. The diamonds that are deemed flawless have the highest clarity and are indeed rare.

The Carat’s Weight

The diamond’s carat is a standard unit of mass that’s equivalent to 200 milligrams. It’s widely used as a measurement for all types of precious stones as well as pearls. One carat is equal to 0.2 grams and five is equal to 1 gram. The carat weight is typically used to indicate the price of the diamond. Bigger isn’t always better as there’s nothing wrong with a perfectly cut diamond on the smaller side. You’ll still have a noticeably brilliant cut while staying within your budget.